Conquering the 3 Lands Peacefully

Conquering the 3 Lands Peacefully

The Rebbe mentions in the Dvar Malchus of Parshas Lech Lecho that Avraham Avinu is promised by Hashem that his descendants will inherit the land.  Hashem made a covenant with Avraham, stating:  “To your seed I have given this land, from the river of Egypt until the great river, the Euphrates river.  The Keni, the Kenizi, and the Kadmoni, And the Chitti and the Prizi and the Rephaim, And the Amori and the C’naani and the Girgashi and the Yevusi.”  (Parshas Lech Lecho, 15:18-21)

Rashi here points out that “There are ten nations [enumerated] here, but He gave them only seven nations. The [other] three are Edom, Moab, and Ammon, and they are [here referred to as] the Keni, the Kenizi, and the Kadmoni, which are destined to be [our] heritage in the future.”  The seven nations dwelled in the land of Canaan, which was conquered by the Bnei Yisroel when they entered the land with Yehoshua bin Nun.  The other three nations (Keni, Kenizi, Kadmoni) were not ever conquered, and in fact there are verses in the Torah warning the Bnei Yisroel “Do not distress Moav and do not provoke them to war…”, “When you approach opposite the children of Ammon, neither distress them, nor provoke them…”  In the time of golus these lands and nations who live in them are not to be provoked because Hashem says “I will not give you any of their land [as] an inheritance” until the time of the true and complete Geuloh.

These lands and the nations who dwell in them are described in the teachings of Chassidus: the seven nations (lands) correspond to the seven emotional character traits (midos) of the animal soul which must be conquered and then transformed from evil to Holiness.  The three nations/lands refer to the intellect (Wisdom and Understanding, Chochma-Bina) and the super-intellect (Crown, Kesser).  The avoidah of a Yid in the time of golus was focused on conquering the land of the seven nations, the midos of the animal soul.  Only after we have finished refining the midos can we begin to take possession of the other three lands, referring to the intellect.  We have already posted how Chassidus explains this process in the post entitled The 3 Nations and Geuloh.  Here we will present what the Rebbe says is the avoidah in the present time regarding the three additional lands of the Keni, Kenizi, and Kadmoni.

In section 12 of Dvar Malchus Lech Lecho, the Rebbe refers to “avoidas haMoichin“, the avoidah of the intellect, as being connected with taking possession of the three additional lands.  This is an avoidah which is relevant only at the end of golus, since until now we were busy with the midos.  In fact, even the intellectual labor in Torah that took place until now was for the purpose of influencing the midos.  However, in the Time to Come there will be intellectual labor for its own sake, “to unify with Elokus via the complete unification (“a wonderoud unity”, Tanya ch. 5) of the individual’s intellect with the Torah (Hashem’s wisdom, which is one with Him).  Via the fact the Torah and the Holy One, blessed be He, are all one, it will be revealed that Yisroel, the Torah, and the Holy One, blessed be He, are all one.”

At present we only have a revelation of the intellect in Torah as it relates to the midos (49 gates of wisdom, מ”ט שערי בינה).  In the future, there will be a revelation of the three intellectual attributes as they are in their essence (the 50th gate, שער הנו”ן).  The Rebbe takes notice that the names of these three nations all start with the letter Kuf (ק) which has a leg the goes below the line.  This hints at these lofty levels coming all the way down to this mundane world.  The Rebbe then tells us that the avoidah that is connected with this is to reveal chiddushim in Torah.  By doing so, the individual reveals hidden powers of his soul, including the essence of his intellect, his moichin b’etzem.  At this point there is a footnote that references the sicha the Rebbe said on the night of the 8th of Marcheshvan, a few days before Shabbos Lech Lecho. (Listen here.)

In the sicha of 8 Marcheshvan,  the Rebbe elaborates on the subject of avoidas haMoichin and taking possession of the lands of the three nations in our days.  Firstly, the Rebbe says that “it is incumbent to make an effort that already now there will be the avoidah which is a foretaste and example and preparation for the avoidah that will be in the true and complete Geuloh.”

 What is this avoidah?

There needs to be an effort and an increase mainly in the learning of Torah that is related to the time of the Geuloh — learning Torah that speaks about Moshiach Tzidkeinu and the true and complete Geuloh.  And more, and a main thing: an increase in learning Pnimiyus HaTorah in a way of understanding and grasping [the material] unified with the revealed dimension of Torah — one Torah.  And not just the first period of Yemos Hamoshiach, but also the second period.  [See The 3 Nations and Geuloh].  And more specifically — an increase regarding the “seven nations” which we were already given … the avoidah of the seven midos and also the avoidah of the three moichin

Since we are found truly close to the true and complete Geuloh, there needs to be a sampling and example and beginning of avoidas haMoichin as they are by themselves — via the learning and effort to fulfill in actuality the matters connected with avoidas haMoichin, even if not related to avoidas haMidos

This avoidas haMoichin means learning deep concepts of Chassidus (such as in the teachings of the Mitteler Rebbe).  The Rebbe says that all of this increase in learning (which will surely lead each one to the new unique insights (chiddushim) which the Rebbe asked for) will bring “broadness” (רחבות) in the learning and also in material matters, that “with only a small effort with one finger” he can receive his parnosa from Hashem.

Additionally, the Rebbe says to add in joyous Chassidishe farbrengens in which the participants will discuss matters of Pnimiyus HaTorah in a way of broad understanding and grasping the material.

And what does all of this accomplish?

Additionally, and this is the main thing — via this we speed up and hasten and bring about immediately that all of Bnei Yisroel will go to our Holy Land, “a great congregation will return here” — to the land of ten nations. 

To summarize: the Rebbe is telling us that since avoidas haBirurim is finished (as mentioned many times in Dvar Malchus) and everything is ready for the Geuloh, we must begin acquiring the complete land of Israel — the land of all ten nations — by beginning to be involved with avoidas haMoichin by adding in all the aspects of Torah that the Rebbe mentions (adding in learning the subjects of Moshiach and Geuloh, and adding in learning Chassidus as it shows itself united with the revealed dimension of Torah, and adding in learning deep subjects in Chassidus).  This represents our first steps into the avoidah of the future, an example of what the Rebbe is telling us throughout these sichos: by beginning to conduct our lives in a way that is fitting with the Geuloh, we speed up the revelation that the Geuloh is really here with us already.  It is primarily a switch in our perception, understanding, and outlook — the intellectual avoidah of bring into reality the Geuloh!

 

Lech Lecho: The 3 Nations and Geuloh

Lech Lecho: The 3 Nations and Geuloh

We present this worked-over translation of a maamer of the Tzemach Tzedek to give a deeper understanding of the land of the 3 nations mentioned in Dvar Malchus and the connection to Geuloh.

The Borders of the Land of Israel in the Future

We are promised in the Torah that in the time to come the Jewish people will receive the land of Israel consisting not only of the land of the 7 nations of Canaan but also the land of the three nations of Edom, Moav, and Amon (the Keni, Kenizi and Kadmoni).

This being so, we are confronted with a question: The prophecy of Yechezkiel describes the borders of the land of Israel as they will be in the time to come, but in his prophecy they are clearly defined as being the same borders as were conquered by Yehoshua ‐‐ the land of only 7 nations. His prophecy is about the time to come: why doesn’t he mention the lands of the other 3 nations?

This is also connected to the additional three refuge cities (arei miklat) which we are instructed to establish in those lands. These refuge cities are, in turn, associated with the rectification of Hevel.  Kayin was able to kill Hevel because Hevel was already condemned to death (“chayav misa“) for having “gazed at the shechina” while offering his sacrifice.

Chazal (Sanhedrin, 98a) explain the verse “in its time I will hasten it” (“B’itah Achishena“) as referring to two distinct end times (ketz, plural: kitzin): “if they merit, I will hurry it (Achishena), if they don’t merit, [Hashem will bring the Geuloh] in its time (B’itah)”. If the ketz comes in its last possible moment ‐‐ B’itah ‐‐ all the descendants of Hevel will be rectified. But, if the Jewish people will merit to the redemption before the ketz of the rectification Hevel is completed, then there will be need for refuge cites (arei miklat) for those (descendants of Kayin) who will kill accidentally (but not intentionally).

[Important to note what is explained in Chassidus: that the rectification of the souls that derive from Hevel are the basis of “refining the sparks of holiness”, the “avoidas habirurim“, which the Jewish people accomplish during the time of golus. See also Toras Chayim, Shemos II, 277a.]

Achishena — An Awakening from Below

In order to understand this matter of B’itah and Achishena, we find that chazal say “the woman conceives first and a male is born; the man conceives first and a female is born.” This means that when Knesses Yisroel (the collective soul of the Jewish people) will “conceive first”, which is the aspect of “elevating the feminine waters” (hala’as ma”n) from below to above, like the yearning of the woman for her husband, then this awakening from below will generate the awakening from Above which draws down the masculine waters (hamshachas ma”d) from a very lofty level so that a male will be born, meaning a higher level [than a female].

We are talking here about the avoidah that gives birth to love in the Jewish people, a male child representing “great love” (ahava raba). But, if the man (Hashem) will conceive first, then a female will be born, meaning the aspect of love [of Hashem] in order to receive a reward in Gan Eden (see Likkutei Torah, Tazria, “Sos Tasis“).

So, too, in our case: if the ketz will be via the awakening of Knesses Yisroel, meaning that through the awakening from below there will be an awakening from Above to speed up the matter before its time, which is the aspect of Achishena, then Hashem will widen the borders and we will inherit the land of the Keni, Knizi and Kadmoni. But, if it will be the man conceiving first, meaning the ketz will come due to an awakening from Above in its (pre‐determined) time, then the borders of the land will remain unchanged, as in the prophecy of Yechezkiel, and the lands of the three nations will be left a desolate wasteland.

Refining the Sparks (Avodas Habirurim)

To explain this matter: the shattering of the vessels occurred primarily in the 7 midos of Tohu (the emotions), but not so much in the Kesser, Chochma and Bina (intellect and super‐intellect) of Tohu.  Thus, as regards their rectification, which is the avoidas habirurim performed by the Jewish people down in this world via Torah and Mitzvos, this is performed on the 7 midos.  At the same time, the three dimensions of Kesser, Chochma and Bina of Tohu are being rectified together with them.

According to this, it would be fitting that the Jewish people should inherit these lands when they finish the task of refining the 7 midos of Tohu; however, this depends on the actions of the Jews in this world, whether it will be “in its time” or “I will hasten it” (B’itah or Achishena, which was explained above as dependent on whether there is first an awakening from below). The expression “inheriting these lands” means the revelation of the good found in the aspect of Kesser, Chochma and Bina of Tohu.

[In other words, we have two factors: the avoidas habirurim and the awakening from below. If the avoidah is finished before there is an awakening from below, this is called B’itah. If the awakening occurs before the avoidah is completed, this is called Achishena. This determines the inheritance of the land.]

Inheriting the Land of the 7 or the 10 Nations?

If the good that is in them will be revealed in a tangible way in the Jewish people, then these lands will be considered part of the Land of Israel and this will take place in the simple sense as well. But, if we will not inherit these lands, then the gentiles in those places will (as stated in the prophecies) be wiped out along with the evil that is there, however, the lofty good that is there will not be revealed directly; rather, it will only be revealed through being enclothed in the 7 midos (the land of the 7 nations of Canaan). Which case will take place depends on the actions of the Jewish people down in this world.

If we bring about Achishena, an awakening from below (hala’as ma”n), the woman conceives first: this will cause a drawing down from below (hamshachas ma”d) and the inheriting of the 3 lands of Kesser, Chochma and Bina of Tohu, and the good that has been refined from them will actually shine forth there. Those lands will be considered as part of the land of Israel, and physically the borders of Israel will reflect this.

However, if it will be B’itah, from Above, even though the spirit of impurity will be removed, nonetheless the good in them will not be revealed; rather, it will only appear through being enclothed in he midos, the land of the 7 nations. In such a case, the lands of the 3 nations will be left desolate.

[We could explain that these revelations will not have a vessel in which to be revealed. These levels of lofty understanding cannot be revealed in the regular vessels of intellect which we presently possess.  Thus, they will only be revealed in the midos, like a person who feels strongly attracted to something or feel vehemently against something without understanding the reason.]

Why Yechezkiel Saw a Future of the Land of 7 Nations

Since the expansion of the land of Israel to include the 3 lands is dependent on the ketz being in a way of Achishena (love that derives from an awakening from below, as explained above), this is why Yechezkiel’s prophecy describes only the land of the 7 nations: because he prophesied about the final ketz which is the ketz B’itah where the borders of the land of Israel remain as they were in the days of Yehoshua.

We notice that in the prophecy of Yechezkiel, the land is divided into 13 sections. The question is: how do we arrive at the number 13 when there are only 10 sefiros? The answer is that the 7 midos each possesses 3 moichin (the Chabad of the midos, bringing to 10) and further the Kesser, Chochma and Bina of Tohu are enclothed in them in a hidden way (bringing to a total of 13).

Thus, we see that the prophecy of Yechezkiel is on the ketz B’itah wherein Kesser, Chochma and Bina will be enclothed in the 7 midos in a hidden way, because the awakening is from Above, that the supernal Man conceives first and there will not be an actual inheritance of the 3 lands. But, afterwards, in the days of Moshiach, through the avoidah of Yisroel they will arrive and merit after several years to the aspect of Achishena, inheriting the 3 lands as part of the land of Israel, until the good in Kesser, Chochma and Bina of Tohu will be actually revealed there.

We see from this maamar of the Tzemach Tzedek that if the Jewish people finish avoidas habirurim but still have not had an “awakening from below” on their own, then the Geuloh arrives but they lack the vessels to perceive the lights of Tohu that have been refined from level of Kesser, Chochma, and Bina of Tohu. If this occurs, then they will have to do the avoidah in Yemos Hamoshiach in order to reach the level where they will “inherit the land of the Keni, Kenizi and Kadmoni”, meaning a revelation of the lights of Tohu in a revealed way.

This explains the assertion of the Rebbe that:

  1. Avoidas habirurim has been completed,
  2. We only need shout “ad Mosai”, to open our eyes to see that the Geuloh is here, and
  3. That we are presently found in Yemos Hamoshiach.

Based on the maamor of the Tzemach Tzedek printed in Ohr HaTorah, Bereishis, page 1167 תתשסז

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