Mishpotim 5752: Moshiach is Affecting the Nations of the World

On Erev Shabbos Mishpatim, 5752 (January 31, 1992) something was announced in the world that had no historic precedent: a decision by world leaders, in particular the leaders of the United States and of Russia, to reduce their weapons stockpiles.  The Rebbe speaks of this in the sicha, calling it a “new epoch in international relations — eliminating a state of wars between the countries of the world, illustrated by the reduction and destruction of weaponry…”  

We see a promise of such things in the prophecies of Geulah, such as “They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore”, which “is a matter which will be through the actions of Melech Hamoshiach himself.”  That Moshiach himself, the Rebbe explains, is the one who brings about peace between the nations, until the point of converting weapons into means for supporting the population.

While one could mistakenly view this as merely a political development, the Rebbe points out that this is “a clear sign of the beginning of the fulfillment of this promise in the true and complete Geulah via Moshiach Tzidkeinu…we already see (a taste) and the beginning of the actions of Melech Hamoshiach on the nations(!).  The prophet’s Messianic vision of peace between nations is beginning to be fulfilled, something which does not happen until the time of the true and complete Geulah, and which is brought about by Moshiach himself.  And it is happening in our times, in the eyes of the world!

The Rebbe further connects this with the Nosi of our generation, the Previous Rebbe, the Moshiach of our generation, because this development is connected with the United Nations, which was established in the same city in which the Previous Rebbe chose to settle.  [Note that the location of the United Nations building, United Nations Plaza on First Avenue in New York, was previously known by its street address: 770 First Avenue.]  That through the Rebbe’s efforts the task of refining the world has been completed “until the completion and finishing of all the avodah of our generation over 42 years…”, and we see it manifest in this decision of the nations of the world to reduce armaments, that “the entire world is fitting and prepared for the beginning of the actions of Melech Hamoshiach.”

There has to be, though, a recognition that it is not sufficient that such things as making peace and reducing arms make sense to the human mind, but that these are part of the promises of the Torah about the Messianic era.

The Rebbe drops another bombshell:

We could say that the decision and announcement by leaders of the nations of the world about the state of “beating swords into plowshares”, is a result of the decision and announcement of “the kings, the Rabbis” that “behold this one (Melech Hamoshiach) comes”, which begins with the halachic ruling (psak din) of my father-in-law Nosi Doreinu that we have long completed our deeds and avodah over the time of golus and we are already prepared to greet Moshiach Tzidkeinu, and also the psak din of the Rabbonim of the Jewish nation [who have ruled] that the time of the Geulah has arrived, “a king will stand up from the house of Dovid…we assume that he is Moshiach” until the state of “behold this is with certainty Moshiach” [Rambam, hilchos Melachim, ch. 11] — a ruling “from Sinai” which is drawn down and permeates the worldy dimension, to such an extent that the leaders of the nations of the world decide and announce in their own opinion about “beating their swords into plowshares”.

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The leaders of the nations of the world came to their own conclusion that they should reduce armaments because a) the work of refining the world has been completed; and b) “as a result of the psak din* of Torah regarding the coming of Moshiach Tzidkeinu.”

We are witnessing the beginning of the fulfillment of a prophecy pertaining to the Geulah, which is being brought about by Moshiach himself through the instrument of the halachic ruling of Rabbonim. Because a halachic ruling is binding and creates the reality of the world, and a Rov must rule according to his own understanding and not “blind faith”, thus the psak din that Moshiach draws this down into the world with the power of Torah, creating a reality whereby the leaders of the nations of the world themselves begin to act in accordance with the prophecies of the Messianic era!


* The Rebbe is referring to a halachic ruling (psak din) signed in 5751 (1991) by a number of Rabbonim that Moshiach should be revealed.  Read the details in the booklet “The Facts Behind the Psak”.  In addition, there is a more recent Psak Din that the Rebbe is Moshiach, signed by over 100 Rabbinic figures, among them R’ Yoram Abergel, z”l, and the Biala Rebbe.]

 Text of the Psak Din referred to by the Rebbe:
We, the undersigned, have already issued a clear p’sak din that in accordance with the Torah of Truth, the coming of Moshiach and the building of the Third Beis HaMikdash must happen immediately mamash. All the appointed times have passed, the Jewish people have already done t’shuva, and all the other required conditions for the coming of Moshiach have been fulfilled, as explained in the aforementioned p’sak din. Many of the great poskim of our generation in Jewish communities from every corner of the world have joined [this effort] and have signed this p’sak din.
Furthermore, according to the Rambam’s clear p’sak din in “Hilchos Melachim” 11:4, “If there should arise a king from the House of Dovid, who is expert in Torah, involved in mitzvos as Dovid his father, in accordance with the Written and Oral Torah, compels all of Israel to go in its path and strengthen it, and fights the battles of G-d, he is presumed to be Moshiach. If he succeeds and builds the Beis HaMikdash in its place and gathers Jews from afar, he is certainly Moshiach.”
According to the law of the Torah of Truth, it is clear that this halacha of “presumed to be Moshiach” applies to the Rebbe shlita, as all the aforementioned conditions listed in Rambam have been fulfilled in the Rebbe shlita.
According to the law of our Holy Torah, the time of the Redemption  has already arrived, as declared in piskei din by the great poskim of as already arrived, as declared in piskei din by the great poskim of our generation mentioned above (and the Rebbe shlita accepted these piskei din as halacha, as he said publicly on numerous occasions during farbrengens). This means that the stage of “presumed to be Moshiach” has already been completed. If so, it is clear that according to the law of our Holy Torah in practical halacha, the time for the fulfillment of the continuation of this halacha has arrived: the process of the Redemption of Israel in actual deed, which will be completed with the building of the Third Beis HaMikdash and the gathering of Jews from the Exile.

Thoughts on the 22 Shevat Sicha

In the Sicha of 22 Shevat (which we summarize in the article 22 Shevat: The Ultimate Unification) the Rebbe explains the 3 stages that correspond to the dates 10, 11 and 22 Shevat.  Briefly, they are the stages of:

a) Preparing the recipient (“10”) to receive the great revelation;

b) The initial revelation of “11” itself.  It is in a way where the recipient is elevated up to the level of “11” (rather than integrating it into is own reality). It remains separate from the “11”, but also loses its importance as it is subsumed into the matters of the “11”; and,

c) The ultimate unity, when the “11” is fully revealed in the reality of and in the inyonim of the “10”; they become as one, yet the “10” is neither nullified out of existence nor does it lose its importance.

One can learn these deep concepts and be left wondering what they mean practically.  We will attempt to bring these ideas down, and illustrate what they mean (בדרך אפשר) in the relationship of Chassidim to the Rebbe.

3 Stages in the Avoidah of Chassidim

  1. Until Yud Shevat the Chassidim had the avoidah to work on themselves, seichel and Midos, to prepare themselves for the Geuloh (עמדו הכן כולכם).  This was the avoidah of the 6th generation, where the difference in the roles of the Chassidim and the Rebbe was emphasized. This avoidah, the preparation of the recipient (“10”),  was was completed upon the histalkus of the Previous Rebbe on Yud Shevat.
  2. Beginning with 11 Shevat, the Nesius of the Rebbe מה”מ, the avoidah of the 7th generation begins: the emphasis is not on one’s avoidah with himself, but on one’s task to influence the world around.  This is most pronounced in the inyan of Shlichus, where the Shliach puts aside the shleimos of his personal avoidah in order to become an emissary and representative of the Rebbe מה”מ.  This matches what the Rebbe says about the “10” being subsumed into the “11”: the Shliach’s personal life and interests are subsumed into the Rebbe’s concerns. The Shliach and the one who sent him now share a common avoidah, moreso than in the previous generation, but it is really the avoidah of the Rebbe into which the Shliach is subsumed and thus they remain 2 separate entities;
  3. After 22 Shevat the emphasis on Moshiach shifts into high gear, ascending from year to year, with an increasing emphasis on the avoidah being “from their own effort” (בכֹח עצמם), and amazing explanations of the revelation of Atzmus and the unification of the mashpia and the mekabel.  Of course, all this takes on a new dimension after Gimmel Tammuz, when Chassidim are “forced” to proceed without “giluyim” and the Rebbe’s inyonim are now their own inyonim.  The border between Rebbe and Chosid becomes increasingly obscured as the Rebbe becomes more and more revealed in the actions of the Chosid, yet the reality of the Chosid is not nullified.

These thoughts are for your consideration, your own comments are welcome!

22 Shevat: The Ultimate Unification

In the sicha related to the 4th yahrtzeit of the Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka (22 Shevat, 5752), the Rebbe reveals amazing things about this event, the date it took place, and what these mean for us.

The date of the Rebbetzin’s passing is found in the same month two other epochal events: Yud Shevat, the Hilulla of the Previous Rebbe, and Yud-Alef Shevat, the day when the Rebbe MHM officially accepted leadership and inaugurated the 7th generation — Dor Hashvii.  The Rebbe explains the deeper significance of these events on these dates, and how they relate to the Geuloh.

First of all, while we generally view the Rebbetzin as the Rebbe’s wife, the Rebbe in this sicha identifies her primarily as the daughter of the Previous Rebbe.  Her passing comes as a continuation of, and an addition to, the great elevation that occurred on her father’s Hilulla, Yud Shevat.

To give us insight as to what is going on “behind the curtains”, the Rebbe explains that there are two dimensions of a “dwelling place in the lower realms” (דירה בתחתונים):

a) a revelation of Hashem’s essence (עצמותו יתברך), and

b) this revelation drawn down below.

More specifically:

1) A dwelling place for Him (but not Him Himself, so to speak);

2) the revelation of His Essence itself (עצמותו יתברך).

These correspond to what was explained in the sicha of Parshas Yisro, describing the first and last Aseres haDibros (first from Hashem, later via Moshe), which are reflected in the numbers 10 (the world) and 11 (transcending world).

As explained there, the Aseres haDibros were given twice in order that they could be internalized by Bnei Yisroel without the recipients being overwhelmed by the great revelation from Above.  In the Rebbe’s words:

The ultimate [Divine] intent is that Bnei Yisroel, by their own effort and with their own power (עבודתם בכח עצמם)…will draw down the revelation of 11 by making the 10 (tachton) a fitting vessel for receiving this revelation of 11…

This is the basis to explain the significance of the 3 periods which the Rebbe identifies in the sicha: the 10th, 11th, and 22nd of Shevat.

  1. The 10th day of the 11th month (Shevat), meaning the “chiddush” (from “chodesh”, month) of 11 being drawn down and revealed in the world (10).  The avoidah until Yud Shevat was focused on preparing the world (10) to be fitting to receive the revelation of 11 (transcending world) without being nullified out of existence.  The emphasis is on the 10, the receiver, and there is an emphasis on the difference between the level of 10 and the level of 11.
  2. The 11th day of the 11th month, which implies a revelation of the 11 itself, which in turn elevates the 10, but in a way where the 10 loses its importance in the place of the 11.
  3. The ultimate goal, the perfect unity and connection — when the “dwelling place” is united with “the One Who dwells” (Hashem’s Essence), referred to in Chassidus as “the created sense of reality is one thing with the true reality” (היש הנברא הוא דבר אחד עם היש האמיתי).  The Yidden (the “dwelling place”) fully unified with Hashem’s Essence.

Interestingly, the Rebbe then repeats this explanation in a slightly different way:

  1. 10th — Finishing the last remnants of golus, drawing down 11 into 10 but where they remain two separate things (from the view of the tachton), the 11 not being completely invested into the world;
  2. 11th — the elevation of the tachton to the level of the 11, the revelation (only) of the aspect of 11 that is shayach to 10;
  3. 22nd — the perfect shleimus of 10 and 11 (reflected in the number 22, which is two times 11).  This is the unification of both the level of 11 which is shayach to the world, and a second time via the effort of Bnei Yisroel (on their own) to draw it down — which is a higher level, even higher than the Aseres haDibros.  Meaning that through the 22 letters of the Torah that a Yid studies, he becomes unified with Hashem’s Essence.

“After 22 Shevat it brought about (פעל) the last stage in preparing the world for Geuloh”.  This last stage is our Avoidah now.  The task is not to prepare the tachton (ourselves and the world), since this has already been completed.  Nor is it to elevate the tachton (while it remains separate and subsumed in the revelation of 11), since this has also been done.  Rather, the Avoidah now depends on the effort of the Yidden themselves: that by our own effort we bring about the unification of these levels, to where the mekabel becomes unified with the mashpia (see Parshas Vayishlach).  (Which is emphasized in this sicha as pertaining to Torah study.)

The last stage has already begun, it only depends on our effort!

 

(For some insights on how to understand the stages that the Rebbe describes here, visit this post: Thoughts on the 22 Shevat Sicha)

Yisro 5752: Dwelling-Place and the One Who Dwells There

This sicha focuses on the 10 Commandments (“Aseres Hadibros“) and their relationship with Hashem’s desire for a “dwelling place down below” דירה בתחתונים.

There are two versions of the Dibros: those spoken by Hashem (in parshas Yisro), and those repeated by Moshe Rabbeinu in parshas V’eschanon.  The Rebbe refers to them as the “first Dibros” and the “last Dibros”.  Each version expresses something different: the first Dibros coming from Hashem Himself on Har Sinai, and the second spoken by Moshe “with slight changes”.

The goal of creation is to create a dwelling place in the lower worlds.  This means that just as a person’s essence is truly “at home” in his own dwelling place, we find the same by Hashem.  Explains the Rebbe: the true “dwelling place” for Hashem’s essence (“Atzmus“) is the Yidden themselves.  Why?  Because the Yidden are (“so to speak”) one thing with Atzmus (as is stated in the Zohar “Yisroel and the Holy One, Blessed be He, are all One”).  Furthermore, this enables them to make the world itself into a dwelling place down below — a “dira b’tachtonim”.

This is reflected in our two versions of the Aseres Hadibros: The first Dibros, which were heard from Hashem, give the power to make a “dwelling place for Him, may He be blessed–for His Essence” (דירה לו, יתברך — לו לעצמותו).  The last Dibros, spoken by Moshe Rabbeinu, give the power to the Yidden to affect the world on its own terms, since Moshe himself is found below.

We find here two concepts: a dwelling-place, and that it should be “down below”.  The special quality of the first Dibros (“G-d spoke all these things…”) is that they are a revelation drawn down from Hashem’s very essence (עצמוצתו ומהותו) without any intermediary at all, not even the “ish Elokim”, the G-dly man Moshe.  Even though Moshe is an “intermediary who connects“, and the Shechina is speaking from his throat, nonetheless there is some measure of change that occurs through him.  The special quality of the first Dibros is that they come direct, straight from Hashem Himself.  The drawback is that they nullified our existence and “with each speaking, their souls flew out” (פרחה נשמתן).  The special quality of the last Dibros is that the Yidden can receive them and internalize them without being nullified out of existence.

In the “dwelling place down below” itself there are two dimensions: a) the dwelling place itself (which must be “down below”), and b) the one who dwells there.  The dwelling place is not part of the dweller himself, it is separate from him and remains “tachton” — “down below”.  The last Dibros which we received from Moshe Rabbeinu are more the aspect of “down below”: we can internalize them better (as mentioned above), but they are not a revelation of “the One who dwells” in the dwelling place.  In contrast, the first Dibros are the dimension of a dwelling place for a revelation of the essence (“Atzmuso u-mehuso“) — Hashem Himself.

We could say that the last Dibros allow us to better understand and grasp what Hashem is telling us, but it’s not Hashem Himself.  Like one who hears a translation and explanation of the Rebbe’s sicha: he can understand the subject quite well, but it is not the same as if he would hear it directly lfrom the Rebbe himself.

As emphasized in most of the Dvar Malchus sichos, the Rebbe asserts that neither one of these dimensions is by itself complete.  Rather, the ultimate perfection is through the unity of both of them: the revelation of Hashem’s essence without a need for Moshe Rabbeinu (like the first Dibros), but in a way where the tachton is not nullified out of existence and the message can be internalized.  In such a unity, the “tachton” becomes a “channel” for Hashem’s speech, speech which comes from “Atzmuso u-mehuso” (“the One who dwells”), until it reaches the point that a Yid is, so to speak, one with the Eybershter.

This is also expressed in the numbers 10 and 11 (relevant to the luminescent days of Yud Shevat (the passing and Hillula of the Previous Rebbe in 5710) and Yud-Alef Shevat (the following day the next year when the Rebbe מה”מ accepted the position of Rebbe)).  The 10 Dibros given at Chorev (referring to Har Sinai) correspond to the 10 sefiros.  The number 11 (as stated in the posuk “eleven days journey to Chorev”) refers to the level of Kesser (the “Crown”) which is above all the sefiros in our Seder Hishtalshelus.  Their unification means drawing down the 11 (“Kesser“), the “transcending powers” (כוחות המקיפין) into our familiar world of 10 sefiros (“tachtonim“) down below.

Yud Shevat (the 10th of Shevat, the passing of the Previous Rebbe) is connected with the completion of the dimension of the last Dibros: making the world into a dwelling place.  The day of 11 Shevat (the acceptance of leadership by the Rebbe מה”מ) is the aspect of the first Dibros: drawing down Hashem’s essence (עצמותו יתברך) — the One who dwells — into the dwelling.  The Rebbe adds:

“And we could say, that this is like the special quality and chiddush ofyisro5752_yiddish the speaking of the first Dibros by G-d (the aspect of 11), after the last Dibros were also said [already] by Moshe (the aspect of 10).

This amazing insight implies that the previous generation could only hear the word of Hashem through the holy intermediary of Moshe, ish haElokim; whereas, in our generation we hear it directly from Hashem’s Essence!

 

 

 

 


The Rebbe also explains that when we say that Moshiach should come immediately, the word in the Holy Tongue (“מיד“) is also an acronym (“rashei teivos”) for:

מ — Moshiach (footnote 96 here: “to point out that ‘his name is Menachem’ (Sanhedrin 98b)” [להעיר שמנחם שמו]),

י — both names of the Previous Rebbe [“Yosef Yitzchok”], and

ד — their generation (דורם) [meaning that they lived in the same generation].

Bo-Beshallach, 5752: Gathering Tzaddikim For a Greater Elevation

It is brought in the writings of the Arizal that the generation of the future Geulah is a gilgul (reincarnation) of the generation that came out of Egypt, and according to this, we are redeemed in the merit of the righteous women in our generation, for they themselves are the righteous women in whose merit we came out of Egypt.

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What makes our generation special?  It is rooted in Nosi Hador, the leader of the generation:

The completion and perfection of the avodah (spiritual mission) of the Nosi Hador (on his Yom Hahillula [day of his passing–Yud Shevat]) is the completion and perfection of the avodah of the entire generation (for “the Nosi is everything” [Rashi on Chukas 21:21]), and since this generation is the final generation, then this is the completion and perfection of all of the avodah of Knesses Yisroel (woman) to make a dwelling place down below for Hashem, may He be blessed.

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This relates to the concept of the “disappearance (סלוק) of Tzaddikim” (yahrzeit and Hillula) upon the completion and perfection of their avodah, as the verse states “My beloved went down to his garden…to collect roses”, upon which the Midrash expounds: “to hide away (לסלק) the Tzaddikim that are among Yisroel” (which means that they have completed their souls through Torah and Mitzvos [commentaries “Yafeh Kol” and “Yadei Moshe” on this midrash]). More importantly: this “disappearance” (“סלוק”) is for a much greater elevation (incomparably so) which will be in the world of the resurrection, “those who dwell in the dust arise and sing”, and the Tzaddikim (the “roses”) at their head, souls in bodies in this physical world, in the true and complete Geulah.

The Rebbe proceeds to mention the inyan of the “breaking out of all the spiritual lights” (“ispariyu v’isgaleen minei kol nehorin“) in connection with the histalkus of Nosi Hador, which occurs at the time of histalkus.  The Rebbe clarifies that “the inyan of histalkus is not disappearing  (סלוק), chas v’sholom, but rather the revelation of the encompassing light (ohr hasovev kol almin) in the aspect of exaltedness” [note 44].  The main point, says the Rebbe, is that this “breaking out of all the spiritual lights” is the culmination of all the avodah of his lifetime.

Further explaining the connection with righteous women, the Rebbe mentions Miriam and her rejoicing with tambourines at the splitting of the sea, and brings the Midrash that “Miriam is named for merirus [=bitterness]”, that the most difficult period of “they made their lives bitter through servitude [in Egypt]” began when Miriam was born, and after this (and through this bitterness) “the Holy One, blessed be He, appointed the redeemer, this is Miriam” (for Dovid Hamelech is a descendant of Miriam, and similarly Moshiach Tzidkeinu who descends from Dovid).  This is coming to tell us that “the Geulah was through this that Miriam greatly felt the pain and bitterness of exile.”  So, too, our bitterness over exile, and our anticipation of and yearning for the Geulah will bring it in actuality.  In fact, according to the degree of her bitterness over the golus was her great joy upon the redemption, so that she took a tambourine in her hand and led all the women in celebration.

This celebration occurred when “they saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore”, for it was at that time that the fear of the Egyptians ceased to plague Bnei Yisroel, which is the completion of the redemption of Yisroel and thus the joy over the redemption was also complete.

…we are assured that immediately the true and complete Geulah is coming, and the women begin immediately (in the last moments of golus) to sing (“with consummate modesty, of course”) with tambourines and instruments, rejoicing over the coming of the true and complete Geulah!

More specifically: together with the tefillah, the request and the demand from the Holy One, blessed be He, that the Geulah should come immediately mamash, which is with a feeling of pain and bitterness over the length of golus, which expresses itself in the cry from the depths of the heart “Ad mosai, ad mosai, ad mosai”!…  [=”until when?!”]  yet they [the righteous women] are imbued with the feeling of joy, and the greatest joy which is expressed in song due to the great trust that “behold, this one (“the King Moshiach”) comes”, and already has come!

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This sicha was printed as a compilationof the talks of Shabbos Parshas Bo (6 Shevat 5752) and Shabbos Parshas Beshallach (13 Shevat 5752)

View the translation of Sichos in English

Bo 5752: G-dliness Revealed Without Histalkus

CONFRONTING PHARAOH

Our parsha begins with Hashem’s instruction to Moshe Rabbeinu “Come to Pharaoh”.  The question is asked: why “come to Pharaoh” and not “go to Pharaoh” (as stated in other verses)?  Furthermore, being that the Torah is eternal, what is the relevance of going to Pharaoh, King of Egypt, when we are standing at the end of golus–long after Egypt was rendered helpless and nothing remains of Pharaoh–at a time when the birurim of the klipah of Pharaoh are finished (as mentioned many times)?

The commentaries explain that Moshe Rabbeinu was afraid to go to the inner chambers of Pharaoh, and therefore Hashem said “Come [with Me] to Pharaoh” to ease Moshe’s fear of confronting Pharaoh alone.

However, our question becomes stronger when we learn, based on the Zohar, that the evil Pharaoh that we encountered in Egypt has his source in the “Pharaoh of kedusha (holiness)”, which refers to the revelation of G-dliness.  Why was Moshe afraid to go to the Pharoah of holiness, so much so that he needed a direct command from Hashem to “come” together with Hashem?!

The answer is that the revelation of G-dliness that is represented by the Pharaoh of kedusha is a revelation of all levels of holiness, up to and including Hashem’s very essence (“atzmus“).  The Zohar calls it “the breaking out of all the lights”.  A soul enclothed in a limited physical body cannot hope to receive such a revelation without being nullified out of existence.  Thus, Moshe was afraid.  So Hashem reassures him “come” to Pharaoh, meaning Hashem Himself, Hashem’s very essence, will accompany Moshe and because Hashem is all-capable (particularly expressed in Hashem’s essence), this will make it possible for Moshe–even as a soul enclothed in a body–to receive and internalize this revelation of G-dliness.

The Rebbe explains what sort of revelation we are speaking about: it is the revelation of the unlimited within the limited vessel of the body.  To reveal the unlimited within the limited–a complete contradiction–is only with in the power of Hashem’s essence.  Only Hashem’s atzmus can put the lights of Tohu into the vessels of Tikkun.

Why is it so important that Moshe receive this revelation while enclothed soul in body?  Because this represents the fulfillment of Hashem’s intent in Creation: to make a dwelling place down below, that the highest revelations (Hashem’s atzmus) should be revealed “below”–to a soul in a body.  This occurred in the most complete manner at Matan Torah, when Hashem gave us the Torah at Har Sinai, when this revelation was experienced by the entire Jewish people (and if not for the sin of the Golden Calf, it would have been the true and complete Geulah).  Thus, by giving this revelation to Moshe Rabbeinu, it is a preparation and the beginning of the process.

UNCIRCUMCIZED LIPS: THE WORLD’S SHORTCOMING

The Torah tells us that Moshe Rabbeinu doubted his ability to take the Bnei Yisroel out of Egypt because he was “heavy of mouth and heavy of tongue” and he had “uncircumcized lips”.  The explanation of this, according to Chassidus, the inner dimension of Torah, is that the level of Moshe Rabbeinu’s soul is so lofty that it is above the level that can be revealed in speech.  The source of Moshe Rabbeinu’s soul is in the primordial world of Tohu, unlimited spiritual lights which cannot be limited into constraining vessels.  Thus, to express this in a limited world was not possible–Moshe Rabbeinu’s self-expression was hindered by the world’s own limitations.  This was not Moshe’s problem, but the world’s problem. (By way of analogy: similar to when one turns up the volume too high for the loudspeakers to handle, the music comes out distorted.  Not because there is a problem with the music, but because the loudspeakers are unable to handle such a high level.)

This was true from the beginning, and the very fact that Moshe Rabbeinu was able to communicate at all in Egypt was only due to the fact that Hashem miraculously enabled him to be understood.  But Moshe was not yet “healed” from his “problem” until Hashem revealed His Essence at Matan Torah by saying “Anochi” in the Ten Commandments.  This is because the complete revelation in speech within the entire world could only occur after the destruction of klipas Mitzrayim.  Thus, “Come to Pharaoh”, which represents the breaking of that klipa was the first step in the revelation of Hashem’s atzmus, and via Moshe Rabbeinu it could then be drawn down to the entire Jewish people (at Matan Torah).

This revelation of Hashem’s essence which can unify the limited and the unlimited is the purpose of Creation, and thus we find that the Ramban writes (and Chassidus concurs) that the ultimate reward and ultimate state of being is souls in bodies at the resurrection of the dead (and not souls without bodies, which is the Rambam’s opinion).

This is also why the Bnei Yisroel had to borrow the gold and silver vessels from the Egyptians rather than take them (as well-earned back pay for generations of slavery): because not only does Egypt need to be “nullified”, but it needs to be transformed to the point that it willingly wants to help the Jewish people leave exile.  Only in cases where this cannot be accomplished, and there is no other choice, is there a need to “break” and “nullify”; otherwise, the preferred path is that it should be done in a peaceful way where the other side itself is a willing partner.)

At the time of the Egyptian exile the birurim (refinements) were not yet finished, but now we stand at the end of golus and all the refinement has been completed and thus we will leave this exile:

in a way of spiritual and physical ease, in a state of ultimate perfection and health — souls in bodies, and passing over immediately (without any interruption at all) to eternal life of souls in bodies in the true and complete Geulah (the ultimate state of reward, as mentioned above).

YUD SHEVAT

On Yud Shevat, 5710 (1950) the Previous Lubavitcher Rebbe passed away.  Says the Rebbe: on Yud Shevat the Moshe Rabbeinu of our generation, the Previous Rebbe, experienced “Come to Pharaoh”–“the breaking out of all the lights”.   And through the fact that he received this revelation, now it can be drawn down to all the people of the generation.  Right now, however, this revelation remains in a way where the Previous Rebbe is found soul higher than the body.

The Previous Rebbe, like Moshe Rabbeinu, suffered from “speech being in exile” because later in life he was unable to speak clearly.  But we understand from what we learned about Moshe Rabbeinu that this was due to the limitation of the world, not of the Rebbe–because the birurim were not yet completed.  Thus, in the previous generation, there was a histalkus of the soul from the body, unlike in our generation when we can receive the revelation of “the breaking out of all the lights” in a way where the soul remains in the body!  This will occur through the coming of Moshiach Tzidkeinu immediately and will cause the ultimate elevation of all the generations that came before through the “awakening from the dust” (resurrection of the dead).

EVERYONE IS READY FOR GEULAH

Not only are the Jewish people standing ready for Geulah, the nations of the world are also standing ready for the Jewish people to go out of golus and to go to Eretz Yisroel in the true and complete Geulah.  This means souls in bodies without any interruption.  The Rebbe goes on to state that:

Spiritually (reaching to the highest levels) the matters are already completed up to the completion of the Geulah (spiritually).  The spiritual eyes of a Jew already see the Geulah; at present one needs only to open up the physical eyes, that they should also see the Geulah as it is revealed to eyes of flesh at this time…the chiddush of the Geulah is found in the revelation of “the breaking out of all the lights” will also be in the physicality of the world which appears to eyes of flesh, in physical time and place, making a dwelling place for Him down below.

A spiritual Geulah is not sufficient, it must be a Geulah that is visible to eyes of flesh.  First and foremost, this is to express in our own conduct a revelation of Hashem’s atzmus, Hashem’s essence, which permeates everything equally.  This means from the loftiest things (Torah, Tefillah, Chesed) to the most mundane things (eating, sleeping, working)–our entire lives must show the world that we are in a state of Geulah.  Through this even loftier things will be revealed to us, through the coming of Moshiach Tzidkeinu this very second!


For further reading:

All That Remains is to Open Up the Eyes

The Generation That Does Not Die

Vayechi 5752: Where Eternal Life is Drawn From

ונשיא דורנו – יוסף שבדורנו – ש”לא מת”, כמו יעקב אבינו (“אלה תולדות יעקב יוסף”), כידוע ש”נשיא” ר”ת “ניצוצו של יעקב אבינו”, וע”י ההתקשרות והביטול לנשיא הדור ה”ז נמשך בכל אחד ואחת מאנשי הדור…

“The Nosi of our generation — the Yosef in our generation — who “did not die”, like Yaakov Avinu (“these are the descendants of Yaakov, Yosef”), as is known that “Nosi” is composed of the initial letters of the phrase “A spark of Yaakov Avinu”, and through the hiskashrus (connection) and the bittul (self-nullification) to the Nosi of the generation, this [aspect of Yaakov Avinu who did not die] is drawn down into every single member of our generation…”

Q: Should I understand that the Rebbe is telling me that my own personal hiskashrus and bittul to the Nosi is what draws down his eternal life (חיים נצחיים) to every single Yid in the generation?!

Hard to support such an understanding.

Perhaps the intention that each one, through his own hiskashrus and bittul to the Nosi draws down eternal life (חיים נצחיים) to himself.

Maybe.

Perhaps a more correct reading is that the hiskashrus and bittul of the Rebbe himself to his Nossi (the Frierdicker Rebbe, who “did not die”) is what is drawing down eternal life (חיים נצחיים) to every single Yid in the generation!