Yud Alef Nissan 5751

Translation by Sichos In English
It is Jewish custom to begin at the conclusion of the previous statement. Thus, in continuation with the above blessings, the Torah conveys G‑d’s words of assurance, “I will bless them.” The blessings that emanate from G‑d’s “full, open, holy, and ample hand,” are limitless in nature. They are not restricted by time or space, and will be drawn down immediately.

These blessings are associated with the conclusion of Psalm 90, the first of the 11 Psalms recited by Moshe our teacher. That Psalm concludes, “May the pleasantness of G‑d, our L‑rd, be upon us. Establish for us the work of our hands, establish the work of our hands.”

All the qualities of Moshe are relevant to every Jew for every Jew possesses a spark of Moshe in his heart. Therefore, this Psalm, “a prayer of Moshe,” can bring him all possible blessings. This is particularly true after forty years have passed and we have been granted, “eyes to see, ears to hear, and a knowing heart.”

The repetition of the request, “Establish for us the work of our hands,” can refer to our activities during the week and to our activities on Shabbos which are different in nature and hence require a different request. The Shabbos can be considered as miraculous when compared to the days of the week. Thus we are requesting that G‑d also “establish for us” a miraculous framework of conduct.

G‑d will show the Jews open miracles. Although we have seen the beginning of this process, we can be assured that G‑d will amplify and intensify these wonders. Each Jew will see open miracles in his own personal life. This will begin by the conduct of every Jew being elevated to a miraculous plane, causing him to step beyond even the upraised level of conduct appropriate to 5750 (הי’ תהא שנת נסים) “a year of miracles,” and to behave in a manner appropriate to the message of the present year, “I will show you wonders.” This implies a twofold increase because wonders are higher than miracles, and also these wonders will be “shown,” openly revealed.

The word “establish” has a connection to the concept of a foundation and thus relates to the beginning of the Rambam’s classic text Mishneh Torah, “The foundation of all foundations and the pillar of all knowledge….” Through the study of the Rambam’s text we will bring close the Redemption, and we will leave the exile with happiness, health, and good spirits.

This will be enhanced and hurried by our efforts to make the world into a vessel for G‑dliness, carrying out this shlichus in every element of our existence in this lowly material world. This is reflected in the fact that shliach (שליח), plus ten (the ten powers of our soul), is numerically equivalent to Mashiach (משיח).

May speaking about these concepts lead to their being reflected in deed. May we openly see how “the Divine Presence will rest in the works of your hands” and may the Divine Presence dwell among us in a permanent and fixed manner.

Since “He fulfills the desire of those who fear Him,” and “You open Your hand and satisfy the desire of every living being,” G‑d will surely fulfill the desire of every Jew. That desire is expressed at the conclusion of the Book of Psalms, “Let every being that has a soul praise G‑d.” Each Jew has a soul which is “a part of G‑d from above” and thus, wherever a Jew is, he can “praise G‑d.” This activity, especially when it comes on the initiative of the person himself (and not as “bread of shame”) will hasten Mashiach’s coming.

This is related to the tribe of Asher whose Nasi is associated with the present day. In regard to Asher, the Torah states, “He will grant the delicacies of the king.” Implied is also that, at present, in the conclusion of the exile, each Jew will be granted “the delicacies of the king.”

This is connected with the fact that “All your sons are students of G‑d.” The Previous Rebbe (in the wedding maamarim) explains that this verse refers to every Jew. As the Baal Shem Tov explains, G‑d cherishes each Jew as parents cherish a child born to them in their old age. This should be reflected in an increase in Torah study (and in particularly, an increase in the study of Pnimiyus HaTorah) and indeed, a miraculous and wondrous increase as appropriate for a year when “I will show you wonders.”

The use of the phrase Arenu Niflaos (אראנו נפלאות) as an acronym for the year reflects the contributions of the Jewish people. The usual form of 5751 (הי’ תהא שנת נפלאות אראנו) places the nun before the alef, niflaos arenu, implying that first the wonders will take place, and then, they will be revealed. Through their service, the Jews cause that the nature of these wonders be revealed from the outset. These wonders will be shown to each individual in his personal life. G‑d will point with His finger, as it were, and show each individual the open and revealed miracles which are happening to him, and show him how G‑d cherishes him as parents cherish an only son born to them in their old age.

May speaking about these wonders lead to the immediate coming of the Redemption when “Your eyes will behold Your Master;” G‑d will reveal Himself to every Jew. Thus we will begin by “proceeding from strength to strength” now in the last days of exile. And immediately, we will merit to “appear before G‑d in Zion,” together with the entire Jewish people, “with our youth and with our elders… with our sons and with our daughters,” in Eretz Yisrael, and in “the Sanctuary of G‑d established by Your hands.”


Tzav 5751: Moshe ish HaElokim has the Power to bring Geulah

“Moshe the ish HaElokim has the Power to bring Geulah and he is Moshiach”

Last week’s opening sicha in Dvar Malchus, parshas Vayikra, spoke of the special quality of the month of Nissan.  This week’s sicha continues this concept, connecting it with special emphasis to Shabbos Hagadol, the Shabbos before Pesach.  Shabbos Hagadol commemorates the uprising made by the first born in Egypt after Moshe Rabbeinu announced the plague of the firstborn.  (The firstborn killed 600,000 of their fathers, see commentaries on Tehillim 136:10).  As stated in Shulchan Aruch, and emphasized in our sicha, “Shabbos Hagadol was the beginning of the Geulah and the miracles” [Alter Rebbe’s S.A.].

The central concept of our sicha is that “the Geulah occurred through Moshe Rabbeinu”, who was chosen by Hashem despite his own objections (“shlach na b’yad tishlach“).  Moshe Rabbeinu is the first Redeemer and the last Redeemer, who has the power to redeem the Jewish people.  As stated in the Arizal (brought in footnote #20) that “Moshiach ben Dovid will merit the aspect of neshoma l’neshoma, which even Moshe did not merit.  We find that the first shepherd, who is Moshe himself, he himself is the final shepherd…only that Moshiach is the neshoma l’neshoma of Moshe” [Arizal, Sha’ar Hapesukim, parshas Vayechi].  Since all students of the Rebbe know that the Nosi of the generation is the Moshe Rabbeinu of the generation, and Moshe is Moshiach, we can recognize this as an open hint to the identity of Moshiach.

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Maamorim: The Big Picture (1)

Interesting to note the sequence of the maamorim that were printed in 5751, the beginning of the year of Dvar Malchus:

Purim–The level of Purim: an awakening that leads to the downfall of the enemies of Israel (Haman, Stalin in 5713 after this maamor was said, Sadaam Hussein in 5751 when it was edited and printed), and ushers in the period of the ascendency of Mordechai, Esther, and the Jewish nation–while still in the place of exile.

25 Adar–The transmission of the essence from mashpia to mekabel, and it’s revelation, occurs specifically without garments (in a simple, Halachic sense, and also the revelations of thought, speech, and action).

Beis Nissan–The act of tzedoko is completed by actually giving money to the poor man; but the initial desire is only fulfilled when the recipient actually accepts the tzedoko and benefits from it.

11 Nissan–Tefilla leMoshe, the prayer of Moshe, is the prayer of a rich man who lacks nothing and possesses tremendous abundance.  If so, then what does he daven for? He davens that Yisroel (Malchus) should realize that they themselves are rich (spiritually, and from that is drawn down wealth into physicality as well).

18 Nissan–According to Halacha, birds require an additional degree of guarding than animals (not only walls, but also a roof) because they are able to “fly away”.  Similarly, the conceptions of the intellectual soul can also “fly away” to undesirable places, and therefore an additional level of caution is required (a degree that is unnecessary while guarding the animal soul).



Vayikra 5751: Uniting the Miraculous with the Natural

Dvar Malchus Vayikra 5751

1-3) On rare occasions three sifrei Torah are taken out from the aron kodesh on Shabbos.  Every year on Simchas Torah, and on years when Rosh Chodesh Nissan falls on Shabbos (because it is also Parashas Hachodesh) [as it did in 5751 when this sicha was given, and also this year 5778].

Taking out three sifrei Torah on Simchas Torah (and also Rosh Chodesh Nissan) affects the entire year, even those years in which Rosh Chodesh Nissan does not fall out on Shabbos.  Taking the sefer Torah from the aron Kodesh corresponds to aron Habris that went out before the bnei Yisroel in the desert, destroying the enemies (for this reason we recite the verse “vayehi binso’a ha’aron” upon removing the sefer Torah from the aron).  This gives power for both “turn away from evil” as well as giving additional power in serving Hashem in general.
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Introduction to the cycle of Dvar Malchus

Introduction to the cycle of Dvar Malchus

“Rav Asi asked, ‘Why do little school children begin their Chumash learning with Vayikra and not with Bereishis? It is because little children are pure and unblemished, and the sacrifices are pure and unblemished. The pure ones begin their learning with the study of the pure.'” (Vayikra Rabbah, Tzav 7:3)

The cycle of Dvar Malchus refers to the twelve months of sichos which the Rebbe said between 5751-52 (1991-92), the latest words (“Mishna achrona”) that we have from the Rebbe.  Notably, the cycle begins with the sicha of Parashas Vayikra, 5751.  Although the Torah of Moshiach will only be revealed to us together with the revelations of the true and complete Geulah, these sichos are a “taste” of the “new Torah that will come forth from Me” (Yeshayahu 51:4; Vayikra Rabbah 13:3) and fittingly we start learning from parshas Vayikra.  Furthermore, the sicha describes a connection to Simchas Torah, which is the day when we begin reading the Torah anew (finishing with “V’zos Habrocha” and beginning with “Bereishis”).

Some background: The year 5750 (1990-91) was termed by the Rebbe “it will be a year of miracles” based on the letters that form the Hebrew year.  The year 1990 saw the beginning of the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the outbreak of the first Gulf War.  The year 5751 received the name “it will be year of ‘I will show wonders’”. 

By the time we reach Parshas Vayikra, 5751 (March 1991), the Gulf War has ended (on Purim, two weeks earlier); the events in the disintegration of the Soviet Union will lead, in June (Rosh Chodesh Tammuz), to the election of Boris Yeltsin and the end of the Communist Regime, effectively ceasing to exist upon the resignation of President Gorbachev in late August (Shabbos Ki Seitze).  This new reality—the defeat of Sadaam Hussein in Iraq (and the over miracles witnessed in Israel during that war) and the collapse of the Soviet Union (bringing an end to the Cold War and the nuclear arms race)—is the background to these sichos.

As the Rebbe often explains, events in the physical world are a consequence of what occurs spiritually, the realm of the Jewish souls.  If we see the fall of the earthly “iron curtain” it is because the spiritual “iron curtain” (“mechitza shel barzel”) which separated Israel from their Father in Heaven has fallen.  If an evil dictator who threatened to annihilate, G-d forbid, Jews young and old is defeated and rendered powerless without a Jew firing a weapon, this is because the same drama is playing out spiritually.  These sichos are to guide us in this “new world order”—a new earthly world order, reflecting a new spiritual world order. Continue reading

Pekudei 5752: The Missing Parsha

The Dvar Malchus begins with Vayikra 5751, but where does it end?  The Parshas Vayakhel sicha is unfinished, and parshas Pekudei is missing (actually, “missing” is one of the definitions of the word, as in יפקד מושבך).  What is the message?

Firstly, we could take note that the start of our Dvar Malchus cycle, following the sicha of 28 Nissan 5751, is parshas Vayikra.  This hints at the division of the Chasidishe Parsha, Torah Ohr and Likkutei Torah–the former covering Bereishis to Vayakhel, the latter Vayikra through the end.  In an odd turn of hashgacha protis, parshas Pekudei is absent from Torah Ohr (which covers all of Shemos) and appears in the other volume.

But more to the point, the Rebbe generally explains these two parshiyos (Vayakhel and Pekudei, which in many years are read together) as reflecting two distinct angles:

  • Vayakhel means “gathering” and speaks of unity and generality, where the individual elements are subdued in the whole.
  • Pekudei implies making an accounting of the individual elements, and in fact it is here that we learn the details: this many talents of silver, that many hooks and boards, etc.

The fact that our Dvar Malchus has Vayakhel but lacks Pekudei (when looked at in light of the content of all the sichas) implies that from the collective side of things, everything is in a state of Geulah: the aspect of Above to below, the “Nosi is everything” (הנשיא הוא הכל) which nullifies all the elements to the greater whole. You can find this expressed many times in these sichos.

What remains to be completed is the aspect of Pekudei: the completion and perfection of the parts, not as they are nullified to the greater whole but their own intrinsic importance as unique elements. Meaning our avodah, individually.  In the Rebbe’s words: “do all that you can” — you, personally and as an individual!  (Of course, merging the individual effort with the unity of Vayakhel, which is the reason that most years the two parshiyos are read together.)

What is needed now is for each one of us to reveal his spark of Moshiach through our own efforts, and not to expect someone else, not even the Rebbe Melech HaMoshiach, to do it for us. Avodah b’koach atzmo“, to reveal individually what has already been accomplished collectively. To bring — each one of us — Moshiach in actuality!

(Not only will this complete the aspect of “Pekudei”, but it brings about the completion and perfection of “Veyak’hel”, because the “incomplete” Sicha of Veyak’hel hints that even the aspect of “Above to below” remains incomplete as long as the “Pekudei” is lacking.  Completing the task of the mekabel (from below) adds to the perfection of the mashpia (Above).)

Video Shiur: Vayakhel 5752

The Last Farbrengen Chassidim Heard (until now)


Chabadinfo.com Exclusive: In the Sicha of Parshas Vayakhel 5752, the Rebbe explains the uniqueness of the two parshiyos that are usually read together ● Learn this week’s Sicha with ChabadInfo.com’s Weekly Shiur of the “Dvar Malchus” Sicha in English, presented by Rabbi Menachem Mendel Lipskier, Mashpia of Mesivta of Melbourne, Australia ● Watch Video